Bacon, Roger

(1214?-1294)
   Philosopher, studied at Oxford and Paris. His scientific acquirements, regarded in that age as savouring of witchcraft, and doubtless also his protests against the ignorance and immorality of the clergy, excited the jealousy and hatred of the Franciscans, and he was in consequence imprisoned at Paris for ten years. Clement IV., who had been a sympathiser, desired on his accession to see his works, and in response B. sent him Opus Majus, a treatise on the sciences (grammar, logic, mathematics, physics, and philosophy), followed by Opus Secundum and Opus Tertium. Clement, however, was near death when they arrived. B. was comparatively free from persecution for the next ten years. But in 1278 he was again imprisoned for upwards of ten years. At the intercession of some English noblemen he was at last released, and spent his remaining years at Oxford. He possessed one of the most commanding intellects of his own, or perhaps of any, age, and, notwithstanding all the disadvantages and discouragements to which he was subjected, made many discoveries, and came near to many more. There is still preserved at Oxford a rectified calendar in which he approximates closely to the truth. He received the sobriquet of the "Doctor Mirabilis."

Short biographical dictionary of English literature . . 2011.

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  • BACON, ROGER° — (c. 1214–1294), English philosopher and Hebraist. Bacon studied at Oxford (probably) and – from 1236 at the latest – Paris. He learned Hebrew, and his transliterations, reflecting Sephardi pronunciation, imply Jewish assistance. Bacon s advanced… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bacon,Roger — Bacon, Roger. Known as “Doctor Mirabilis.” 1214? 1292. English friar, scientist, and philosopher whose Opus Majus (1267) argued that Christian studies should encompass the sciences. * * * …   Universalium

  • Bacon, Roger — • Philosopher, born at Ilchester, Somersetshire, about 1214; died at Oxford, perhaps 11 June, 1294 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Bacon, Roger — (ca. 1214–1292)    It is generally believed that Roger Bacon was born in ca. 1214, in Ilchester, Somersetshire, to a wealthy family of minor nobility. Bacon received a firstrate education based on the LIBERAL ARTS curriculum of the trivium and… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Bacon, Roger — born с 1220, Ilchester, Somerset, or Bisley, Gloucester?, Eng. died 1292, Oxford English scientist and philosopher. He was educated at Oxford and the University of Paris and joined the Franciscan order in 1247. He displayed a prodigious energy… …   Universalium

  • BACON (ROGER) —     Vous croyez que Roger Bacon, ce fameux moine du treizième siècle, était un très grand homme, et qu il avait la vraie science, parce qu il fut persécuté et condamné dans Rome à la prison par des ignorants. C est un grand préjugé en sa faveur,… …   Dictionnaire philosophique de Voltaire

  • Bacon, Roger — (c. 1214–c. 1292)    Philosopher and Scientist.    An Englishman, Bacon received much of his education in Paris. He joined the Franciscan Order in c. 1257 and was part of the household of Cardinal de Foulques, who was to become Pope Clement IV.… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Bacon, Roger — (c. 1214–1292) English philosopher and scientist, known as Doctor Mirabilis (‘marvellous doctor’). A member of the Franciscan order, Bacon began his career studying the previously forbidden works of Aristotle . However, he mixed his admiration… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Bacon, Roger — See Metaphysics and science in the thirteenth century …   History of philosophy

  • Bacon, Roger — ► (1214 94) Filósofo y naturalista inglés, llamado Doctor mirabilis. Expuso la necesidad de las matemáticas y del método experimental, que él mismo aplicó en su obra más importante, Opus maius (1265). Otras obras: Opus minus, Opus tertium,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • BACON, ROGER —    a Franciscan monk, born at Ilchester, Somerset; a fearless truth seeker of great scientific attainments; accused of magic, convicted and condemned to imprisonment, from which he was released only to die; suggested several scientific inventions …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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